Volume 4 Supplement 1

8th WINFOCUS World Congress on Ultrasound in Emergency and Critical Care

Open Access

The comparison of airway ultrasonography and continuous waveform capnography to confirm endotracheal tube placement in cardiac arrest patients: prospective observational study

Critical Ultrasound Journal20124(Suppl 1):A6

https://doi.org/10.1186/2036-7902-4-S1-A6

Published: 18 December 2012

Background

Ultrasound is a common examination tool in many emergency department and intensive care unit. Several studies have provided promising results of the use of ultrasound for the confirmation of endotracheal tube placement

Objective

This study aimed to assess the accuracy and timeliness of using tracheal ultrasound to examine endotracheal tube placement in cardiac arrest patients.

Patients and methods

This was a prospective, observational study, conducted at the emergency department of a university teaching hospital. Patients received emergency intubation due to cardiac arrest. Airway ultrasonography was performed during emergency intubation with the transducer placed transversely at the trachea over the suprasternal notch. Quantitative waveform capnography was used as the criterion standard for confirmation of tracheal intubation. The main outcome was the timeliness between the airway ultrasonography and the capnography.

Results

A total of 16 patients and 19 intubations were included in the analysis. The endotracheal tube was placed in the trachea in 16 intubations and in the esophagus in 3 intubations. The overall sensitivity and specificity of ultrasound to confirm tracheal intubation was 100% respectively. Capnography application times after intubation were 17.5 (10.0~32.5) seconds. The Capnograpny confirmation times after application were 30 (10~120) seconds. Ultrasound confirmation times of endotracheal tube placement after application were 5 (4~5) seconds.

Conclusion

Ultrasound confirmation was very fast, accurate and not affected by pulmonary blood flow. Ultrasound confirmation of endotracheal tube placement is more useful in emergency department.

Authors’ Affiliations

(1)
Department of Emergency Medicine, College of Medicine, Soonchunhyang University

References

  1. Neumar RW, Otto CW, Link MS, Kronick SL, Shuster M, Callaway CW, et al.: Part 8: adult advanced cardiovascular life support: 2010 American Heart Association Guidelines for Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation and Emergency Cardiovascular Care. Circulation 2010, 112: S729–67.View ArticleGoogle Scholar
  2. Werner SL, Smith CE, Goldstein JR, Jones RA, Cydulka RK: Pilot Study to Evaluate the Accuracy of Ultrasonography in Confirming Endotracheal Tube Placement. Ann Emerg Med 2007, 49: 75–80. 10.1016/j.annemergmed.2006.07.004PubMedView ArticleGoogle Scholar

Copyright

© Noh and Cho; licensee Springer. 2012

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.