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  • Meeting abstract
  • Open Access

Reproducibility of point-of-care cardiac ultrasound in Chagas disease by a non-cardiologist with limited training

  • 1,
  • 1,
  • 1 and
  • 1
Critical Ultrasound Journal20146 (Suppl 1) :A18

https://doi.org/10.1186/2036-7902-6-S1-A18

  • Published:

Keywords

  • Medical Student
  • Visual Estimation
  • Cardiac Ultrasound
  • Tertiary Care Teaching Hospital
  • Portable Ultrasound

Background

Chagas disease is a major cause of heart failure in Latin America. Many Chagas disease patients live in rural areas under poor economic conditions with limited access to formal echocardiography. Point-of-care ultrasound is rapidly gaining recognition as a powerful diagnostic tool in such fields as emergency medicine, intensive care, and primary care, but is not commonly utilized in Chagas-endemic regions. In this study we sought to determine the reproducibility of point-of-care cardiac ultrasound performed by a non-cardiologist in Chagas patients.

Methods

Consecutive patients with Chagas disease receiving regularly-scheduled echocardiograms were recruited at a tertiary care teaching hospital in Brazil. A board-certified cardiologist performed and interpreted an echocardiogram with a conventional full function echocardiography machine (iE33 Philips Medical Systems), and a 4th-year medical student performed and interpreted a cardiac exam with a portable ultrasound machine (Sonosite MicroMaxx). The medical student was blind to clinical and the cardiologist’s echocardiographic data. A range of quantitative and visual estimation data were collected and compared between the two exams.

Results

A total of 41 patients (mean age=49.5) were examined, and 16 (39%) had at least mild LV systolic dysfunction per the cardiologist´s exam. Measurements from the two observers were highly correlated (ICC values for Long-axis LVDd=0.958 and LVEF=0.930). Qualitative visual estimation of LV systolic function was highly reproducible (Kappa = 0.76, Observed agreement = 0.854), as was RV systolic function (Kappa = 0.55, Observed agreement 0.900).

Conclusion

Point-of-care cardiac ultrasound performed and interpreted by a non-cardiologist with limited ultrasound training is accurate and reproducible for detecting cardiac dysfunction. Point-of-care cardiac ultrasound provides clinically valuable information in patients with Chagas disease and could help clinicians determine management of such patients in a wide variety of care settings.

Authors’ Affiliations

(1)
University of Minnesota Medical School, Minneapolis, MN, USA

Copyright

© Kreuser et al; licensee Springer. 2014

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.

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