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  1. Content type: Original article

    Focused cardiac ultrasound (FOCUS) is a core competency for pediatric emergency medicine (PEM) fellows. The objectives of this study were (1) to evaluate test characteristics of PEM-fellow-performed FOCUS for ...

    Authors: Rosemary Thomas-Mohtat, Craig Sable, Kristen Breslin, Jacqueline G. Weinberg, Aparna Prasad, Lauren Zinns and Joanna S. Cohen

    Citation: Critical Ultrasound Journal 2018 10:33

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  2. Content type: Original article

    Fluid responsiveness is an important topic for clinicians. Aggressive hydration has been shown to lead to worse outcomes. The aim of this study was to investigate the sensitivity and specificity of mitral valv...

    Authors: Ralphe Bou Chebl, Gilbert Abou Dagher, Jeffrey Wuhantu, Rana Bachir and Jennifer Carnell

    Citation: Critical Ultrasound Journal 2018 10:32

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  3. Content type: Original article

    Right iliac fossa abdominal pain is a common reason for emergency ward admissions, its etiology is difficult to diagnose. It can be facilitated by an imaging examination, such as a Computerized Tomography scan...

    Authors: Jean-Eudes Bourcier, Emeric Gallard, Jean-Philippe Redonnet, Magali Majourau, Dominique Deshaie, Jean-Marie Bourgeois, Didier Garnier and Thomas Geeraerts

    Citation: Critical Ultrasound Journal 2018 10:31

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  4. Content type: Case report

    Hypertensive emergency is a life-threatening state. End-organ damage affecting the heart accounts for up to 52% of hypertensive emergencies commonly encountered in the emergency department. Recent evidence ind...

    Authors: Pavitra Kotini-Shah, Susana Cuadros, Felix Huang and Joseph S. Colla

    Citation: Critical Ultrasound Journal 2018 10:29

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  5. Content type: Case report

    Systolic anterior motion (SAM) after mitral valve repair (MVR) can adversely affect hemodynamics due to exacerbation of left ventricular outflow tract obstruction and mitral regurgitation. Intraoperative trans...

    Authors: Yusuke Seino, Nobuo Sato, Kimiya Fukui, Junya Ishikawa, Masahi Nakagawa and Takeshi Nomura

    Citation: Critical Ultrasound Journal 2018 10:30

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  6. Content type: Original article

    An accurate physical examination is essential in the care of critically ill and injured patients. However, to diagnose or exclude a pneumothorax, chest auscultation is unreliable compared to lung ultrasonograp...

    Authors: R. Ketelaars, E. Gülpinar, T. Roes, M. Kuut and G. J. van Geffen

    Citation: Critical Ultrasound Journal 2018 10:27

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  7. Content type: Original article

    Traditional landmark thoracostomy technique has a known complication rate up to 30%. The goal of this study is to determine whether novice providers could more accurately identify the appropriate intercostal s...

    Authors: Lindsay A. Taylor, Michael J. Vitto, Michael Joyce, Jordan Tozer and David P. Evans

    Citation: Critical Ultrasound Journal 2018 10:28

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  8. Content type: Short communication

    Point-of-care ultrasound (PoCUS) is spreading throughout Emergency Medicine, Critical Care and Pre-hospital Care. However, there is an underlying inherited conflict with the established specialties performing ...

    Authors: Jesper Weile, Jacob Brix and Anders Broens Moellekaer

    Citation: Critical Ultrasound Journal 2018 10:25

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  9. Content type: Short communication

    When intracranial hypertension and severe lung damage coexist in the same clinical scenario, their management poses a difficult challenge, especially as concerns mechanical ventilation management. The needs of...

    Authors: Francesco Corradi, Chiara Robba, Guido Tavazzi and Gabriele Via

    Citation: Critical Ultrasound Journal 2018 10:24

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  10. Content type: Original article

    Pre-hospital ultrasound is a new challenge and lung ultrasound could be an interesting opportunity in the pre-hospital medical service. The aim of our study was to evaluate the efficacy of lung ultrasound in o...

    Authors: Mirko Zanatta, Piero Benato, Sigilfredo De Battisti, Concetta Pirozzi, Renato Ippolito and Vito Cianci

    Citation: Critical Ultrasound Journal 2018 10:22

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  11. Content type: Review

    Clinical lung ultrasound examinations are widely used in the primary assessment or monitoring of patients with dyspnoea or respiratory failure. Despite being increasingly implemented, there is no international...

    Authors: Pia Iben Pietersen, Kristian Rørbæk Madsen, Ole Graumann, Lars Konge, Bjørn Ulrik Nielsen and Christian Borbjerg Laursen

    Citation: Critical Ultrasound Journal 2018 10:23

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  12. Content type: Original article

    Medical care in resource limited settings is challenging, particularly with limited access to diagnostic and imaging studies. The most portable and cost effective diagnostic imaging in these areas is ultrasoun...

    Authors: Annie Heffernan Rominger, Gerardo Antonio Aguilar Gomez and Patrick Elliott

    Citation: Critical Ultrasound Journal 2018 10:19

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  13. Content type: Review

    Prehospital point-of-care ultrasound used by nonradiologists in emergency medicine is gaining ground. It is feasible on-scene and during aeromedical transport and allows health-care professionals to detect or ...

    Authors: Rein Ketelaars, Gabby Reijnders, Geert-Jan van Geffen, Gert Jan Scheffer and Nico Hoogerwerf

    Citation: Critical Ultrasound Journal 2018 10:17

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  14. Content type: Original article

    Thoracic ultrasound is a powerful diagnostic imaging technique for pleural space disorders. In addition to visualising pleural effusion, thoracic ultrasound also helps clinicians to identify the best puncture ...

    Authors: Luigi Vetrugno, Giovanni Maria Guadagnin, Daniele Orso, Enrico Boero, Elena Bignami and Tiziana Bove

    Citation: Critical Ultrasound Journal 2018 10:18

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  15. Content type: Original article

    Failed extubation from mechanical ventilation in critically ill patients is multifactorial, complex and not well understood. We aimed to identify whether combined transthoracic echocardiography, lung and diaph...

    Authors: Kavi Haji, Darsim Haji, David J. Canty, Alistair G. Royse, Cameron Green and Colin F. Royse

    Citation: Critical Ultrasound Journal 2018 10:13

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  16. Content type: Original article

    Lung and diaphragm ultrasound methods have recently been introduced to predict the outcome of weaning from mechanical ventilation (MV). The aim of this study is to assess the reliability and accuracy of these ...

    Authors: Eva Tenza-Lozano, Ana Llamas-Alvarez, Enrique Jaimez-Navarro and Javier Fernández-Sánchez

    Citation: Critical Ultrasound Journal 2018 10:12

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  17. Content type: Original article

    This study aims to compare the increased time needed to perform advanced focused cardiac measurements in the emergency department, including diastolic heart failure evaluation via E/E′, and cardiac output with...

    Authors: Joe Betcher, Al Majkrzak, Jim Cranford, Ross Kessler, Nik Theyyunni and Rob Huang

    Citation: Critical Ultrasound Journal 2018 10:10

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    The Letter to the Editor to this article has been published in Critical Ultrasound Journal 2018 10:21

  18. Content type: Original article

    Point-of-care (POCUS) education is rapidly expanding within medical schools and internal medicine residency programs, but lack of trained faculty is a major barrier. While POCUS training can improve short-term...

    Authors: Christopher J. Smith, Abdulrahman Morad, Christopher Balwanz, Elizabeth Lyden and Tabatha Matthias

    Citation: Critical Ultrasound Journal 2018 10:9

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  19. Content type: Original article

    Thoracic ultrasound is helpful to evaluate lung pathology in patients with acute dyspnea. Several studies have demonstrated the efficacy of point-of-care ultrasound in patients with extrapulmonary TB and HIV c...

    Authors: Maria Teresa Giordani, Francesca Tamarozzi, Daniel Kaminstein, Enrico Brunetti and Tom Heller

    Citation: Critical Ultrasound Journal 2018 10:8

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  20. Content type: Case report

    Bilateral retinal detachments and cortical blindness are rare complications of preeclampsia and the association of the two pathologies is exceptional. We report the case of a preeclamptic patient who presented...

    Authors: Fehmi Ferhi, Abdeljalil Khlifi, Feten Hachani, Khalil Tarmiz and Khaled Benjazia

    Citation: Critical Ultrasound Journal 2018 10:6

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  21. Content type: Case report

    Epigastric pain is frequent in Emergency Medicine and remains a challenging situation. Besides benign etiologies such as gastritis or uncomplicated cholelithiasis, it could reveal myocardial infarction or vasc...

    Authors: Philippe Le Conte, David Trewick, Philippe Pes, Eric Frampas and Eric Batard

    Citation: Critical Ultrasound Journal 2018 10:5

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  22. Content type: Short communication

    This study evaluates the agreement between emergency physician (EP) assessment of diastolic dysfunction (DD) by a simplified approach using average peak mitral excursion velocity (eʹA) and an independent cardiolo...

    Authors: Marina Del Rios, Joseph Colla, Pavitra Kotini-Shah, Joan Briller, Ben Gerber and Heather Prendergast

    Citation: Critical Ultrasound Journal 2018 10:4

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  23. Content type: Original article

    Recognition of the difficult airway is a critical element of emergency practice. Mallampati score and body mass index (BMI) are not always predictive and they may be unavailable in critically ill patients. Ult...

    Authors: Elizabeth A. Hall, Ibrahim Showaihi, Frances S. Shofer, Nova L. Panebianco and Anthony J. Dean

    Citation: Critical Ultrasound Journal 2018 10:3

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  24. Content type: Original article

    Early detection of vasospasm is crucial to prevent significant delayed ischemic neurological deficit post subarachnoid hemorrhage. The standard methods of detection, including cerebral angiogram and computed t...

    Authors: Hosam Al-Jehani, Mark Angle, Judith Marcoux and Jeanne Teitelbaum

    Citation: Critical Ultrasound Journal 2018 10:1

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  25. Content type: Meeting Abstracts

    Authors: Stephen Alerhand, Adam Nevel, Bret Nelson, Michael Halperin, Felipe Serrano, Gregor Prosen, Tjaša Banović, Stephanie J. Doniger, Mirjana Brvar, Barbara Furman, P. Gallego Rodríguez, Tomas Villén Villegas, A. Trueba Vicente, L. W. Alba Muñoz, C. Guillén Astete, N. Díaz García…

    Citation: Critical Ultrasound Journal 2017 9(Suppl 1):26

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 9 Supplement 1

  26. Content type: Original article

    The rapid adoption of point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) has created a need to develop assessment tools to ensure that learners can competently use these technologies. In this study, the authors developed and te...

    Authors: Scott J. Millington, Robert T. Arntfield, Robert Jie Guo, Seth Koenig, Pierre Kory, Vicki Noble, Haney Mallemat and Jordan R. Schoenherr

    Citation: Critical Ultrasound Journal 2017 9:25

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  27. Content type: Case report

    Point-of-care transthoracic echocardiography is increasingly being utilized by the intensive care physicians in the management of hemodynamically unstable patients. However, its use in the management of critic...

    Authors: Babar Fiza, Michael Tang and Michael Maile

    Citation: Critical Ultrasound Journal 2017 9:24

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  28. Content type: Short communication

    Point-of-Care Ultrasound (PoCUS) is recommended by emergency medicine societies for the detection of hydronephrosis. Training of certified Emergency Physicians (EP) without prior ultrasound experience remains ...

    Authors: François Javaudin, François Mounier, Philippe Pes, Idriss Arnaudet, Frédéric Vignaud, Eric Frampas and Philippe Le Conte

    Citation: Critical Ultrasound Journal 2017 9:23

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  29. Content type: Review

    In the unconscious patient, there is a diagnostic void between the neurologic physical exam, and more invasive, costly and potentially harmful investigations. Transcranial color-coded sonography and two-dimens...

    Authors: Vincent Issac Lau and Robert Thomas Arntfield

    Citation: Critical Ultrasound Journal 2017 9:21

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  30. Content type: Short communication

    Atelectasis is a common finding in mechanically ventilated children with healthy lungs. This lung collapse cannot be overcome using standard levels of positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) and thus for only ...

    Authors: Gerardo Tusman, Cecilia M. Acosta, Stephan H. Böhm, Andreas D. Waldmann, Carlos Ferrando, Manuel Perez Marquez and Fernando Suarez Sipmann

    Citation: Critical Ultrasound Journal 2017 9:22

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  31. Content type: Original article

    Conventional echocardiographic technique for assessment of volume status and cardiac contractility utilizes left ventricular end-diastolic area (LVEDA) and fractional area of change (FAC), respectively. Our go...

    Authors: Duraid Younan, T. Mark Beasley, David C. Pigott, C. Blayke Gibson, John P. Gullett, Jeffrey Richey, Jean-Francois Pittet and Ahmed Zaky

    Citation: Critical Ultrasound Journal 2017 9:20

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  32. Content type: Short communication

    Ultrasound (US) performed at the point of care has found fertile ground in perioperative medicine. In the hands of anesthesiologists, transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) has become established as a powerful...

    Authors: Lorenzo De Marchi and Massimiliano Meineri

    Citation: Critical Ultrasound Journal 2017 9:19

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  33. Content type: Letter to the Editor

    Recently published study of Ma et al. evaluates two relatively novel measures of fluid responsiveness, carotid blood flow and corrected carotid flow time (ccFT). Both measures have been recently quoted as poss...

    Authors: Igor Barjaktarevic, Alan Chiem and Maxime Cannesson

    Citation: Critical Ultrasound Journal 2017 9:18

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  34. Content type: Case report

    Development of hydrocephalus can occur after subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). Typically, it is diagnosed with computed tomography, CT, scan. However, transcranial sonography (TCS) can be used particularly in pat...

    Authors: Ahmed Najjar, André Y. Denault and Michel W. Bojanowski

    Citation: Critical Ultrasound Journal 2017 9:17

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  35. Content type: Original article

    The Focused Assessment with Sonography in Trauma (FAST) protocol is considered beneficial in emergent evaluation of trauma patients with blunt or penetrating injury and has become integrated into the Advanced ...

    Authors: Jesper Weile, Klaus Nielsen, Stine C. Primdahl, Christian A. Frederiksen, Christian B. Laursen, Erik Sloth and Hans Kirkegaard

    Citation: Critical Ultrasound Journal 2017 9:16

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  36. Content type: Review

    Intraoperative transesophageal echocardiography is a minimally invasive monitoring tool that can provide real-time visual information on ventricular function and hemodynamic volume status in patients undergoin...

    Authors: Luigi Vetrugno, Federico Barbariol, Umberto Baccarani, Francesco Forfori, Giovanni Volpicelli and Giorgio Della Rocca

    Citation: Critical Ultrasound Journal 2017 9:15

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  37. Content type: Case report

    Right heart thrombus in transit is an increasingly recognized medical emergency with very high mortality rate. Echocardiography helps to establish the diagnosis and can differentiate between right heart thromb...

    Authors: Eva Otoupalova, Bhavinkumar Dalal and Brian Renard

    Citation: Critical Ultrasound Journal 2017 9:14

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  38. Content type: Original article

    The quantification of B-lines at lung ultrasonography is a valid tool to estimate the extravascular lung water (EVLW) in patients after major cardiac surgery. However, there is still uncertainty about the corr...

    Authors: Antonio Anile, Jole Russo, Giacomo Castiglione and Giovanni Volpicelli

    Citation: Critical Ultrasound Journal 2017 9:13

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  39. Content type: Case report

    Percutaneous cardiac intervention is an invasive diagnostic and therapeutic technique which carries a significant complication rate. Although the usefulness of EFAST protocol is widely recognised, this paper w...

    Authors: José Luis Vázquez Martínez, Kary Leonisa Quiñones Coneo, Tomas Villen Villegas, María Sánchez Porras, Cesar Pérez-Caballero Macarrón, Ana Coca Pérez and Luis Fernandez Pineda

    Citation: Critical Ultrasound Journal 2017 9:12

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  40. Content type: Original article

    In children, non-fractured wrists generally need no treatment and those that are fractured may only require a 3-week cast without any clinical follow-up. The ability to perform a point-of-care triage decision ...

    Authors: Henrik Hedelin, Christian Tingström, Hanna Hebelka and Jon Karlsson

    Citation: Critical Ultrasound Journal 2017 9:11

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  41. Content type: Original article

    Non-invasive measures that can accurately estimate cardiac output may help identify volume-responsive patients. This study seeks to compare two non-invasive measures (corrected carotid flow time and carotid bl...

    Authors: Irene W. Y. Ma, Joshua D. Caplin, Aftab Azad, Christina Wilson, Michael A. Fifer, Aranya Bagchi, Andrew S. Liteplo and Vicki E. Noble

    Citation: Critical Ultrasound Journal 2017 9:10

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